Tematy i Konteksty nr specjalny 1(2020)


Ostatnio nadesłane materiały

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  • Pozycja
    Notes about Czerniawski
    (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Kisiel, Marian
    The article constitutes a collection of notes related to the lesser known and rarely commented works by an émigré writer – Adam Czerniawski: his poems translated into English, short texts of literary criticism, short novels and his memoirs. Modern Polish prose is still frequently treated as a ciphertext, of interest only to a limited number of readers who revel in this labyrinth of thoughts. It may seem that at the end of the 20th century – a period so involved in the debate about the traditional understanding of literature – avant-garde variants of prose should be understandable for everyone or, at least, that literary criticism would assign them to the appropriate level in the hierarchy of modern forms. However, the situation turned out to be different. The prose model imposed by Positivism still remains predominant in the habits and tastes of both literary critics and readers, and only recently has this model been questioned. As a result, the short novels by Czerniawski have not yet been sufficiently analysed. Reminiscent of Gombrowicz, these texts can be seen as absolute stories. The feature of absoluteness is visible at all their levels: origin, narration, reading. Everything is possible, yet nothing is accidental or random. However, limiting these narratives to only avant-garde rules would, without a doubt, distort their sense. Czerniawski’s prose also uses the infinite potential of the grotesque, plays with its own language, thus making it into an undoubtedly philosophical Ding an sich. The prose was also written in order to face traditional sanctities such as, for instance, the incorrigible “Polishness” that glorifies old symbols and sees a divine influence in them. Finally, Czerniawski’s prose is based on the “common sense” that can be found in numerous amusing contexts of the surrounding world.
  • Pozycja
    Jan Lechoń’s and Kazimierz Wierzyński’s Letters (Some Comments Based on the Critical Edition)
    (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Dorosz, Beata
    This paper presents the problems faced by an editor preparing a correspondence dialogue between Jan Lechoń and Kazimierz Wierzyński (237 letters, mainly handwritten, from the years 1941–1956) for a critical edition, such as: its completeness, dating, or the challenge of deciphering the manuscripts. The paper signals some of the appearing motifs and problems in the letters, making an initial attempt to interpret them in the context of both authors’ biographies, as well as historical events (especially the experience of emigration). Moreover, it contains seventeen short poetic pieces written by both poets (poems, epigrams and trifles) which may be found on the pages of those letters. They have been transcribed from the manuscripts and then edited, therefore appearing in print for the very first time in the Polish version of this article in 2011.
  • Pozycja
    “This Emigrant Fate of His”: On Włodzimierz Odojewski’s Short Story Collection „…i poniosły konie"
    (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Dutka, Elżbieta
    Włodzimierz Odojewski is one of the most famous émigré writers who still deals with the topic of emigration, even in his books published long after his both symbolic and real return to the homeland. Significant extension and dwelling on the said topic can be observed in the book „…i poniosły koine” […and the horses bolted]. The aim of this paper is to provide an interpretation of the short stories gathered in the volume (published in 2006) from the perspective of the biographical context, the rest of Odojewski’s writings, as well as his opinions on various aspects of exile. Such interpretation reveals a more existential and internalized dimension of emigration but also its universal meanings. Thus, emigration is considered to be a metaphor of human fate.
  • Pozycja
    Vilnius’s "Comoedia" – Another Link in the History of the Avant-garde
    (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Szawerna-Dyrszka, Anna
    The aim of the article is to discuss the magazine “Comoedia” dedicated to art and culture. From the start, “Comoedia” attracted contributions from eminent figures in letters and the arts. However, until now the monthly periodical has been described as a magazine devoted only to the theatre. The author of the article proves that “Comoedia” is “a missing link” in the chain of the Polish avant-garde movement in literature.
  • Pozycja
    Loneliness over a Piece of Paper. Maria Dąbrowska as an Epistolographer
    (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Głębicka, Ewa
    The article discusses Maria Dąbrowska’s vast correspondence, which complete, in a way, her „Dzienniki” [Journals] , constituting very valuable biographical material, so far published only in selected fragments. Among many of her sets of letters, the most interesting ones are those exchanged with her husband, Marian Dąbrowski, her partner, Stanisław Stempowski, and later on with his son, Jerzy, as well as with her very close friend and partner, Anna Kowalska. This article discusses the most important sets of letters from and to Dąbrowska, indicating their historical value and biographical significance.