Dwa zabytki brązowe z południowo-wschodniej Lubelszczyzny

Obrazek miniatury
Kłosińska, Elżbieta Małgorzata
Tytuł czasopisma
Tytuł tomu
Muzeum Okręgowe w Rzeszowie
Instytut Archeologii UR
Fundacja Rzeszowskiego Ośrodka Archeologicznego
Oficyna Wydawnicza „Zimowit”
The article describes two bronze artefacts discovered without context in the Lublin region. The first one is a fragment of a knife blade found in Kornie. This item can be associated with the onset of the Lusatian culture. The second artefact, the cheekpiece of the Kamyševach type, probably comes from the Carpathian Basin from the Thraco-Cimmerian environment in the late Bronze Age.
In the 1980s and 1990s, a collection of archaeological remains was collected in the south-eastern Lublin region which were affiliated to various sections of prehistory. Some of these items ended up in the hands of archaeologists, becoming part of catalogues and the subject of scientific studies. This article presents two bronze items from the aforementioned collection, preserved in different degrees. It is a fragment of a knife blade found in Kornie, Lubycza Królewska commune, Tomaszów district and a cheekpiece discovered in Mikulin, Tyszowce commune, Tomaszów district. For these items, a relatively exact location of the discovery was indicated. Both were found in meadow areas in river valleys (the Sołokija and Huczwa rivers). Due to its significant damage, the knife from Kornie is not easy to compare this item with the knives already well recognized. Neither the preserved shape nor the ornament give us any grounds for unambiguous conclusions. However, it cannot be ruled out that it is a fragment of a Baierdorf knife, with a not too long, slightly bent blade and a rectangular, openwork bar for a handle, finished with a ring. Single items of such knives in Poland occurred in Pomerania, Kuyavia and Silesia, where they were associated with the 3rd period of the Bronze Age and the beginnings of the Lusatian culture. With regard to the artefact from Mikulin, we are dealing with a cheekpiece, which is sometimes described in the literature as the Kamyševach type. In Poland, it is the first piece of a cheekpiece of this type so far. Such items are listed in both Eastern and Central Europe. It can be assumed that the Kamyševach cheekpiece found in Mikulin is an artefact originating from the Thraco-Cimmerian milieu, from the south of the Carpathian Arc. It can be linked to the Late Bronze Age (HaB3).
Słowa kluczowe
knife , Lusatian culture , cheekpiece , Cimmerian horizon , Bronze Age
Materiały i Sprawozdania Rzeszowskiego Ośrodka Archeologicznego, t. 41/2020, s. 159–163