Patterns and characteristics of traumatic dental injuries in children – a retrospective study in a dental hospital in Kolkata, India

Obrazek miniatury
Goswami, Suchetana
Tytuł czasopisma
Tytuł tomu
Publishing Office of the University of Rzeszow
Introduction and aim. Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in children can have aesthetic, functional, and psychological conse quences. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the epidemiology and patterns of TDIs in a hospital-based population. Material and methods. Patient records from the Department of pediatric and Preventive Dentistry in a dental college and hospital in Kolkata, India, were reviewed. A total of 381 patients, aged 1 to 12 years, who presented one or more traumatized an terior teeth between September 2018 and August 2022, were included. Data on age, sex, mechanism of injury, type of trauma, dentition type, and number of affected teeth were collected. The World Health Organization classification system was used to classify the type of dental trauma. Results. Among the study population, there were 235 males (61.7%) and 146 females (38.3%), with a mean age of 7.67±3.87 years. Falls were the most common cause of trauma (52.2%). The maxillary central incisors were the most frequently affected teeth in both primary and permanent dentitions. Conclusion. Falls were the most common cause of trauma and the maxillary central incisors were the most commonly affected teeth in children.
The Ethics Committee of Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital (No. IEC/DCH/279 dated 28/9/2022) has granted approval for the study. Given that it was a retrospective study, obtaining informed consent from the subjects was not necessary. Furthermore, the identities of all subjects included in this work were anonymized.
Słowa kluczowe
anterior teeth , child , dental trauma , epidemiology , primary/permanent teeth
European Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine T. 22, z. 1 (2024), s. 134–139