Analecta Archaeologica Ressoviensia vol. 9 (2014)
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- Pozycja“Thirty years have passed ...”. Jubilee Rzeszów Archaeological Conference(Fundacja Rzeszowskiego Ośrodka Archeologicznego, 2014) Panakhyd, Halyna
- PozycjaThe development of society. The Maya state in the Pre-Classic period (1800 BC – 200 AD)(Fundacja Rzeszowskiego Ośrodka Archeologicznego, 2014) Rusek, Magdalena H.The idea of a mutual relationship between an individual and the society to which this individual belongs emerged relatively early in the history of human thought. To fully understand how Maya statehood formed during the Pre-Classic period it is worth analysing sociological and anthropological theories referring to the concept of society. This is why the author tries to introduce the reader to the crucial notions and theories associated with the appearance of the first proto-state centres in the first part of my paper. The second part addresses the development and evolution of social and political structures in the Maya state directly. For a better perspective, the author has also decided to briefly present the fully developed social structure which is characteristic of the late Pre-Classic period and the classic Maya culture, which is a direct descendant of the earlier structures.
- PozycjaThe problem of horse domestication. Selected issues(Fundacja Rzeszowskiego Ośrodka Archeologicznego, 2014) Skrzyniecka, WeronikaThe main goal of this paper is to discuss the current state of research on horse domestication in prehistory by using selected evidence. This article refers to the steppe origin of horse domestication. Recently, the debate on this problem concerns not only archaeological aspects but also specialist analyses, such as archaeozoology or genetics. The interdisciplinary character of the problems explored in this article creates significant research possibilities, especially with regard to the of origins and dating of horse domestication. All of these issues are still open for debate among archaeologists.
- PozycjaThe main stages of the history of research of the western area of the Trypillian culture(Fundacja Rzeszowskiego Ośrodka Archeologicznego, 2014) Skakun, Natalya; Terekhina, Vera; Tsvek, ElenaThe history of archaeological research on the Trypillian sites in the western regions of Ukraine can be subdivided into four stages, each of which is marked by certain achievements. The first explorations resulted in the discovery of new archaeological objects, which gave rise to the discussion about the interpretation of constructions and functions of the settlements. The questions related to chronology, periodization, and excavation methodology were discussed as well. However, this activity was irregular and spontaneous, and the materials of many sites were scattered over different museums of Europe. The later stages of research gave very important data about the material and sacral components of the Trypillian culture, as well as its development, ways of adaptation to natural conditions, relative chronology of the sites, and their distribution. In the last years, the systematic excavations conducted at the reference site of Bodaki shed an important light on the economic basics of Trypillia. They also gave new materials for reconstructing the connections between the north-western and central areas of the culture, and its connections with the coeval farming-herding cultures of Europe.
- PozycjaAnimal bone material from Lublin-Volhynia Grave 8 at Site 2 in Książnice, Pacanów commune, Świętokrzyskie Province(Fundacja Rzeszowskiego Ośrodka Archeologicznego, 2014) Makowicz-Poliszot, DanutaThe article presents the results of zoological analysis of animal bones (45 pieces) from Grave 8 (Feature 3/08, the Lublin-Volhynia culture) discovered in 2008 in Książnice, Site 2. The identified remains (25 pieces) come from goats/sheep Capra hircus L./Ovis aries L. (Table 1).
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