Ostatnio nadesłane materiały
- PozycjaA benign entity – cerebral multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2022) Kış, Naciye; Erok, Berrin; Kılıç, Harun; Önder, HakanIntroduction and aim. Multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor (MVNT) of the cerebrum is a rare benign, mixed glial/ neuronal lesion which has been included in the recent (2016) World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of the central nervous system tumors.Most of the reported cases are remarkable with adult onset seizure in the literature.They can also be found incidentally in nonepilepsy patients with or without headache We aimed to present this unique entity with its typical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features. Description of the case. A 21-year old man presented with complaint of headache that increased in frequency within the last few months.No relevant seizure or any other signs of note.He was diagnosed with MVNT by imaging andstarted to be followed- up.The repeat MRI 6 months later showed no interval changes. Conclusion. Clinicians should be aware of that it is a do not touch lesion in asymptomatic patients with no need for biopsy or surgery and follow up imaging is sufficient when presented with the typical MRI manifestations. Surgical resection may be required for seizure control and was reported in few cases with no tumoral regrowth in the literature.
- PozycjaNon-ketotic hyperglycemia and diabetic striatopathy – a rare presentation with hemichorea-hemiballismus(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2022) Erok, Berrin; Keklikoğlu, Taha Oğuz; Kış, Naciye; Önder, HakanIntroduction and aim. Non-ketotic hyperglycemia (NKHG), also known as hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) is a serious metabolic complication of diabetes mellitus (DM).The mortality rate can be up to 20% and this is much more higher than that of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). It is usually precipitated by an event such as pulmonary/urinary infection, myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke. In this state of metabolic derangements, central nervous system (CNS) manifestations including altered mental status with or without focal neurological deficits are prominent clinical presentations. On the other hand, HHS may also be complicated with various other CNS events. Herein, a quite rare presentation of HHS with hemichorea ‒ hemiballismus in a 71 year old female patient with type 2 DM is presented. Description of the case. A 71-year-old female patient type 2 DM presented to our emergency department with progressive involuntary movements on the right upper and lower extremities accompanied by semiconsciousness during the last 24 hours. On neurological examination, cranial nerves and cerebellar signs were found to be normal, as the deep tendon reflexes. However, involuntary non-rhythmic writhing movements at rest were present on her right sided extremities. The fingerstick evaluation showed marked hyperglycemia (HG). The laboratory findings were characterized with high blood glucose level without obvious acidosis compatible with HHS. In urine analysis, glucosuria without significant ketonuria was detected. On head CT, subtle hyperdensity was noted in the left neostriatal regions without any mass effect or perilesional edema, compatible with left sided diabetic striatopathy (DS). Conclusion. Diabetic striatopathy is a quite rare presentation of HHS with hemichorea – hemiballismus. The characteristic computed tomograhy (CT) findings of associated striatopathy should be differentiated from vascular lesions that may also present with unilateral findings in the course of HHS and should not be overlooked in diabetic patients to recognise the ongoing HHS before the coma precedes.
- PozycjaPaired box 8 in organogenesis and oncogenesis – a review(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2022) Szpunar, MagdalenaIntroduction and aim. Paired box 8 (PAX-8) is a specific transcription factor known as a protein product gene that plays an essential role in organogenesis and oncogenesis. The aim of this paper was to discuss structure and function of PAX-8. The aim of this study is to determine the utility of PAX-8 in cytology effusions with metastatic tumor. Material and methods. This article is a review done in regards to discuss the role knowledge on PAX-8 especially in oncogenesis and organogenesis. Analysis of the literature. Current information about PAX-8 is presented. Conclusion. The PAX family of genes plays an important role in the formation of tissues and organs during embryonic development and in maintaining the proper functioning of certain cells after birth.
- PozycjaCurrent research opportunities for potential phytotherapeutic agents for the treatment of pathologies of the female reproductive system(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2022) Sokolik, Olena Petrivna; Prozorova, Galina OlexandrivnaIntroduction and aim. Herbal medicine is prescribed for various disorders of the menstrual cycle (uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea), for the treatment of premenstrual and climacteric syndromes, inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, mastopathy and mastalgia and other pathological conditions. The aim of the study is to analysis and generalization of data from professional literature and own experience in the treatment of patients with pathologies of the female reproductive system by phytotherapeutic methods, taking into account the influence of medicinal plants on various links in the pathogenesis of the disease, as well as making recommendations for improvement and prospects for the use of phytotherapy in the treatment of this pathology. Material and methods. To make an analysis of literary sources of domestic and foreign authors about usage of medicinal plants for the treatment of pathologies of the female reproductive system. Analysis of the literature. In the treatment of primary (spasmodic) dysmenorrhea, herbal remedies with an antispasmodic, analgesic, hormone-mimetic effects are prescribed. It can be Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.), Achillea millefolium, commonly known as yarrow, Viburnum, Shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris), Greater celandine, Atropa belladonna, Hyoscyamus niger, commonly known as henbane, black henbane, or stinking nightshade and Abraham’s tree. Many plants have bactericidal activity, and this property is used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the mucous membranes and skin. Such properties are possessed by flowers of Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.), Calendula officinalis, infusion of Medicinal sage (Salvia officinalis L.). For the treatment of functional hyperprolactinemia phytopreparations are also successfully used. It is known that the medicinal plant Vitex agnus castus has dopaminergic properties, selectively blocking prolactin synthesis, and reduces follicle stimulating hormone levels. Strychnos ignatia, Caulophyllum thalictroides, European cyclamen, Lilium tigrinum, Iris versicolor provide a complex effect on the female body, effectively reduces the level of prolactin and the severity of mastalgia, which is confirmed not only by clinical data, but also by mammography data in fibrocystic breast disease. For the treatment of climacteric syndrome, a large number of medicinal plants are used, in particular, the most popular is the Cimicifuga racemose. Conclusion. The effectiveness of phytotherapeutic drugs has been verified by many clinical trials. Modern phytotherapy is becoming more widespread in clinical practice, as an alternative to drug treatment.
- PozycjaNanomedicine – a review(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2022) Dynarowicz, Klaudia; Aebisher, DavidIntroduction and aim. Nanomedicine is a discipline of technology and science, the potential of which has recently fascinated scientists in the fields of physics, biotechnology, chemistry and medicine. This department deals with everything on the nano scale, i.e. on the level of individual atoms and molecules. This work presents the nano scale, i.e. on the level of individual atoms and molecules. Nanotechnology is currently one of the most popular and dynamically developing fields, not only in electronics, but above all in pharmacy and medicine. Material and methods. In this article a narrative review regarding nanomedicine. Analysis of the literature. The desire to summarize information about nanomedicine application of singlet oxygen is presented. Nanotechnology is a discipline of technology and science, the potential of which has recently fascinated scientists in the fields of physics, biotechnology, chemistry and medicine. Conclusion. The use of nanostructures is currently very efficient. The areas in which the potential of nanoparticles is constantly researched and confirmed by numerous articles are: radio- and chemotherapy, cancer diagnostics and imaging medicine (MRI and fluorescence imaging).