Ostatnio nadesłane materiały
- PozycjaBeneficial effect of DASH diet combined with regular physical activity on fat mass, anthropometric and metabolic parameters in people with overweight and obesity. DATASET(2023-08-06) Soroń, Małgorzata,; Więch, Paweł; Dąbrowski, MariuszAbstract Introduction. Obesity and overweight prevalence has reached pandemic level and became a growing health-related issue worldwide. Excess of fat mass is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders, neuropsychological disturbances, cancer and premature death. The aim of our study was to assess the effect of DASH diet combined with regular physical activity on fat mass, anthropometric and metabolic parameters in overweight and obese subjects. Methods. One hundred people (85 women) with overweight and obesity were included in the study. Mean age of study participants was 48.8±12.1 years and half of them had hypertension. In all study participants anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests were assessed and anthropometric as well as metabolic indices were calculated at baseline and after three months of treatment. Results. A significant decrease in body weight, BMI, waist circumference, fat mass, uric acid level and metabolic indices as well as significant improvement in lipid profile with exception of HDL cholesterol level were found. The effect of DASH diet and physical activity was beneficial irrespective of age, gender and baseline presence of hypertension. Conclusion. Implementation of healthy lifestyle was associated with significant improvement in anthropometric and metabolic parameters. It seems necessary to increase the public awareness of the role of behavioral changes to improve the health-related outcomes.
- PozycjaPsychological Responses and Associated Factors during the Initial Stage of the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Epidemic among the Population in Poland - a cross-sectional study(2021-04-14) Sozański, Bernard; Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Agnieszka; Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka; Jurek, Krystian; Górniak, Patryk; Górski, Karol; Englert-Bator, Anna; Perenc, Lidia
- PozycjaThe impact of physical exercises with elements of dance movement therapy on upper limb and functional fitness of elderly wheelchair users living in nursing homes – randomized control trial(2021-01-18) Wołoszyn, Natalia; Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka; Grzegorczyk, Joanna; Kwolek, AndrzejIntroduction: Over the last decades the quality of care and the quality of life of NH home resi-dents has significantly improved but low physical activity and social involvement still represent a huge challenge in modern nursing facilities. The research aims at evaluating the impact of physical exercises with elements of dance movement therapy (DMT) on the indicators related to upper limb fitness and overall functional fitness of elderly wheelchair users, as compared to standard exercise program. Method: The study participants were persons aged 68-85 who live in nursing homes and use manual wheelchair as the primary means of mobility. Persons meeting the inclusion criteria were assigned to one of the three groups: Group 1 – Basic exercises/BE group (n=55), Group 2 – Physical exercises with elements of dance movement therapy/PED group (n=55); Group 3 – No Interven-tion/CO group (n=55): control, routine care. The data were collected at the beginning of the study as well as at the 12 week and 24 week mark. Results: Prior to the start of the exercise programmes, all the groups tested were homogeneous. The most positive changes after 12 weeks of intervention were shown in the PED group: handgrip strength, manual dexterity, joint mobility, lung capacity, body flexibility, functional fitness in everyday life. The positive change with regard to the parameters tested lasted beyond 24 weeks. Conclusion: The study demonstrated that DTM appear to be effective in improving upper ex-tremity fitness and physical fitness.
- PozycjaThe use of static posturography cut-off scores to predict the risk of falling in older adults.(2021) Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka; Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Agnieszka; Sozański, Bernrd; Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, AnnaBackground: Falling is the most common accident that occurs in daily living and the second leading cause of unintentional injury death worldwide. The complexity of the risk factors associated with falling makes older people at risk of falling difficult to identify. Research question: The aim of the study was to identify the cut-off scores of standing posturography measures that can be used to predict the risk of falling in older adults. Methods: This observational study involved 267 elderly people aged 65 to 85 years (73.99 SD 7.51) living in south-eastern Poland. The subjects were divided into two groups: a group with a high risk of falling (HRF) and a group without risk of falling (WRF). Postural stability was assessed during eyes-open (EO) and eyes-closed (EC) trials using the two-plate stability platform CQ Stab 2P. Results and Significance: The best accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were observed for sway path, anterior-posterior sway path and medial-lateral sway path with EO and EC. The clinical cut-off score to predict the risk of falling was 350.63 for sway path with EO, 272.64 for anterior-posterior sway path with EO and 159.63 for medial-lateral sway path. The clinical cut-off score for sway path with EC was 436.11. Such screenings in clinical practice may also be useful for detecting typical balance changes in older adults.
- PozycjaAssessment of body mass index in a pediatric population aged 7-17 from Ukraine according to various international criteria – a cross-sectional study. Raw date(2020-12-10) Dereń, Katarzyna; Wyszyńska, Justyna; Nyankovskyy, Serhiy; Nyankovska, Olena; Yatsula, Marta; Łuszczki, Edyta; Sobolewski, Marek; Mazur, Artur