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- PozycjaChicanos in America after the Mexican War(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2018) Vraukó, TamásIn this paper a brief summary is provided of the situation of Mexican-Americans in the period from the mid-19th century to the end of the 20th century. Examples are taken mostly from works of literature and some from movies, in order to illustrate how Chicano intellectuals wish to uphold their cultural heritage in an Anglo society that was unfriendly towards them for a long time.
- PozycjaSemantic Meanderings of Queen in Lexicographic Perspective(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2018) Stachurska, AnnaA lexeme typically conveys a variety of senses. This depends on its actual semantic structure, involves presupposed meanings as well as embraces conversational and situational implicatures. The meaning of a lexeme is also determinated by the context, the situation of its use and the knowledge of the user of a particular language. Hence, the information provided by a particular work of reference is twofold in its nature - semantic and pragmatic. Accordingly, the main objective of the paper is to investigate the semantics and usage value of the lexical item QUEEN throughout the development of the English language.
- PozycjaEcho and Irony: Weapons in Political Campaigns(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2018) Rut-Kluz, DorotaThe theory of relevance presented by Dan Sperber and Deidre Wilson (1995) is a general theory of communication which has been developing over the past decades and apart from the theoretical developments it has been implemented as a tool for various analyses of discourse. The aim of the paper is to present a relevance theoretic account of a special kind of attributive use of campaign material which was employed by candidates in TV advertisements for the US presidential election campaign in 2012. Candidates use this special kind, echoic use, implementing it not only to criticise the opponent but also to justify their negative attitude towards the material mentioned. Echoic use proves to be a powerful tool not only to criticise and maintain credibility, but also allow irony which seems to be, along with discrediting the rival, the most powerful weapon at a politician's disposal.
- PozycjaProverbs as Small Narratives(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2018) Mandziuk, JustynaThe purpose of this article is to look at the world of “grand narratives” and “little stories” from the perspective of paremiological studies. In an attempt to account for the conceptual, as well as structural, cohesion of proverbs, the analysis draws on the insights of Halliday and Hasan (1976), who advocate the importance of grammatical and lexical alignment that keeps the narration in line, incorporating their insights into the Current Discourse Space model delineated in Langacker (2008). The principles of cohesion, such as substitution, ellipsis, referencing, conjunction, calibrated with conceptual cohesion will be applied in this study with a view to demonstrating the importance of the cohesive elements which substantially contribute to the understanding of the authentic stretches of written and spoken language. This two-pronged approach to narrative appears to be particularly justified in the case of the modified proverb If money cannot bring happiness, transfer it to my account. On the one hand, the analysis unravels the proverb’s internal cohesion, while on the other, it accounts for the proverb’s changing structure and conceptualization as a new, emergent category. Above all, this study focuses on the narrative strengths of proverbs in the socio-cultural context, for “narration is the way people understand the world via the community of speakers” (Trzebiński 2002: 17, 43).
- PozycjaOne-word Interjections as Discourse Markers in Female and Male Speakers’ Academic Talk: A Case Study Based on the Michigan Corpus of Academic English(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2018) Lukács, BélaThrough a corpus-based search, the present paper’s objective is to attempt to reveal the differentiation of some interjections as discourse markers in the academic talks presented by speakers of both genders. By doing so, I offer a deepened insight into why female and male speakers resort to the use of these interjections. On the basis of an online corpus of the University of Michigan, I present my findings according to several other criteria. The corpus is compiled of a huge set of academic talks by students and staff of the university. Finally, using Jakobson’s functions, I classify and further analyse these discourse markers. The data attained through searching this corpus take me a step further in casting some light on the ratio of the interjections used by the two genders, and the possible reasons for the uneven distribution of interjections in terms of female and male use.