Relationship between perceived fear of COVID-19 and self-care management in heart failure patients

Obrazek miniatury
Yeni, Tuğba
Bülbül, Elif
Efil, Sevda
Yıldız-Ayvaz, Meryem
Türen, Sevda
Hiçerimez, Ayfer
Tytuł czasopisma
Tytuł tomu
Publishing Office of the University of Rzeszow
Introduction and aim. The fear of contracting COVID-19, which affects human health biopsychosocially, is expected to affect the self-care management of patients with heart failure (HF). This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between perceived fear of COVID-19 and self-care management in HF patients. Material and methods. The study was conducted with 115 HF patients. “Sociodemographic characteristics form”, “Fear of COVID-19 tool” and “Nine-item European Heart Failure Self-care Behavior Scale (EHFScB Scale-9)” were used to collect data. Results. 51.3% of the participants in the study are in the 40–60 age range, 53.7% are male, 92.2% live with their family, 64.3% have a diagnosis of HF for less than 5 years. Levels of COVID-19 fear, and self-care management were found to be high in the participants who are 40 years old or younger, has higher education level, diagnosed within 1 to 3 years, received psychological support during the pandemic process, received training from doctor or nurse about COVID-19. Fear level and self-care levels were moderately positively correlated. Conclusion. During the COVID-19 pandemic, it is necessary to develop effective care strategies to identify individuals with diseases such as HF who should have high self-care management skills.
The Scientific Research Ethics Committee approved this research under the decision numbered 2021-40034-30, dated 12 July 2021. Participation was voluntary, anonymous, and did not involve any compensation. Informed consent was obtained from all the patients who were willing to participate in the study.
Słowa kluczowe
COVID-19 fear , heart failure , self-care management
European Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine T. 22, z. 2 (2024), s. 306-312