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- PozycjaPhysiotherapeutic management of a patient with patellofemoral pain syndrome – a case report(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2018) Ustarbowska, Katarzyna; Trybulec, BartoszIntroduction. Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a disorder of the front compartment of the knee joint with incompletely investigated, probably multifactorial pathogenesis. It mostly affects young people and runners. In patients with PFPS conservative management is a therapy of choice with fundamental importance of physiotherapeutic procedures. Therapy should be highly individualized and considering all possible factors that may cause PFPS symptoms. Aim. The aim of this report was presentation of management of a 23 year old female patient with PFPS that developed secondary to a knee sprain. The medical history, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures were thoroughly described, then obtained results were presented and thereafter discussed. Methods. Clinical assessment included functional and provocative tests of the patellofemoral joint as well as thigh and calf muscles tests, range of motion measurement of the knee joint and pain assessment using the VAS scale. Therapeutic management included 5 sessions of post-isometric muscle relaxation (PIR), mobilizations of the patella and applications of elastic tapes. Results. After 5 sessions of therapeutic management PFPS symptoms were significantly reduced. Pain did not occur during normal activity, whereas in heavy joint loading, it occurred later and was of lower intensity. Range of motion as well as subjective sense of joint stability was also improved. Conclusions. Individually adjusted conservative management based on PIR techniques, mobilizations of patella and kinesiotaping seems to be effective form of therapy for PFPS of functional nature.
- PozycjaFibromuscular dysplasia – a case description(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2018) Leksa, Natalia; Seweryn, Bartosz; Uberman-Kluz, Dominika; Galiniak, Sabina; Kawalec, MagdalenaIntroduction. Fibromuscular dysplasia is an idiopathic, non-inflammatory and non-atherosclerotic disease that affects the walls of arteries (mostly renal and carotid arteries). Histological classification distinguishes three main types of the disease, depending on the structural changes occurring in one of the three layers of arterial vessel walls. Objective. We present here a case of fibromuscular dysplasia affecting the internal carotid arteries. Case description. This article describes the case of a 52-year-old female patient with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and a cardiac pacemaker in whom computed tomography angiography revealed a narrowing of the internal carotid arteries without atherosclerotic symptoms. We describe the diagnostic methods and various types of treatment that the patient suffering from fibromuscular dysplasia was subjected to. Conclusions. Due to a low detection rate of fibromuscular dysplasia, if the disease is suspected, all available diagnostic methods should be employed. Taking into account the unknown etiology of the disease, it is not possible to use a preventive therapy, or a therapy focused on stalling the progression of the disease.
- PozycjaRamsay Hunt syndrome with deep hearing loss and meningitis(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2018) Błochowiak, Katarzyna; Kamiński, BartłomiejIntroduction. Ramsay Hunt syndrome is a clinical manifestation of varicella zoster virus reactivation. It is characterized by an erythematous vesicular rash in the external auditory canal and pinna with otalgia, vertigo and ipsilesional facial palsy. Symptoms develop over a few days with prodromal signs of facial weakness, tingling, facial numbness. Usually, cranial nerves VII and VIII are involved in the inflammatory process. Possible consequences of Ramsay Hunt syndrome are hearing loss, encephalitis and meningitis. Description of the case report. The authors present the case of a 63-year-old woman with a vesicular rash, earache, vertigo and left-sided facial paralysis who was treated with antiviral drugs and analgesics. These symptoms were complicated by conductive hearing loss in the left ear and meningitis. After treatment facial paralysis decreased. Unfortunately, hearing loss was permanent. Discussion. Rapid administration of antivirals and corticosteroids limited facial paralysis and improved facial expression. The prognosis for facial palsy is poorer in Ramsay Hunt syndrome than in idiopathic forms. Conclusions. A past history of vertigo and hypertension could been a predisposing factor for the severe manifestation of Ramsay Hunt syndrome and subsequent complications.
- PozycjaCarcinoembryonic antigen as a tumor marker in lung cancer – is it clinically useful?(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2018) Okuła, Agnieszka; Karczmarek-Borowska, BożennaIntroduction. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the Western world. Annually there are approximately 1.8 million new cases worldwide. It is characterized by poor prognosis with a 5-year survival of 10-17% depending on the country. Contributing to this poor prognosis is a mainly late diagnosis, as well as a fairly frequent recurrence despite radical surgery. Over the years, scientists have been searching for a tumor marker that would be useful for patients with lung cancer. Aim. The aim of this study is to discuss the significance of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in the diagnosis, prognosis of the disease course, and monitoring patients with lung cancer. Methods. Review of the literature using the PubMed database, Termedia, Via Medica and the key issue: carcinoembryonic antigen as a tumor marker in lung cancer. Conclusions. Serum CEA level can be a reliable complement to the diagnosis of lung cancer. It can be helpful in preoperative prediction of disease course and qualification for adjuvant treatment of non-small cell lung cancer especially adenocarcinoma. Trends and normalization of CEA during chemotherapy have an impact on progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) of patients. Various available publications describe CEA as a marker for metastatic lung cancer, which is the most specific for metastasis in the liver and brain.
- PozycjaAnticancer properties of Viburnum(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2018) Stępień, Agnieszka; Aebisher, David; Bartusik-Aebisher, DorotaAim. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the anticancer properties of different species of Viburnum. Materials and methods. Forty nine papers that discuss the medicinal history and current research of Viburnum species as phytotherapeutic agent were used for this discussion. Literature analysis. The results of scientific research conducted in vitro indicate that the compounds present in the extracts of Viburnum significantly affect the development of cancer cells such as leukemia, cervical cancer, breast, colon, lung, skin and stomach. This indicates that they may be used as a therapeutic agent to support oncological therapies.