European Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine T.19, z. 3 (2021)


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  • Pozycja
    Ivermectin for COVID-19 prophylaxis
    (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2021) Hegazy, Abdelmonem Awad
  • Pozycja
    Anomalous origin of the left vertebral artery from the arch of the aorta
    (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2021) Jasiewicz, Maria; Sajdak, Piotr; Sopel, Aleksandra; Strzępek, Kamil; Ziajor, Seweryn; Pliszka, Anna; Balawender, Krzysztof
    Introduction. Although there are lots of varieties of aorta arch, they seem to appear relatively rarely. Anomalies of aortic arch departures are mainly concerned with its location, course, the place of departure and number of its main branches. However, they warrant attention due to their importance in operative, diagnostic, and endovascular procedures. Aim. We want to present here a case of a female cadaver with rare aortic arch origin of the left vertebral artery. The aim of this article is to complete the frame of anomalies in aortic arch and to explore rare variability shown in this specific case. Description of the case. The present report describes an anomalous case of the left vertebral artery arising from the aortic arch between the left common carotid artery and the left subclavian artery in a female cadaver during dissection in an anatomical laboratory. Aortic origin of the vertebral artery is a rare anatomic variant. Conclusion. Thorough knowledge of anomalous origin is important for patients who undergo operation of an aortic arch or inferior part of the neck. Normally, the vertebral artery arises from the first part of the subclavian artery on both sides.
  • Pozycja
    Posttraumatic arachnoid cyst rupturę and delayed acute subdural hygroma
    (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2021) Erok, Berrin; Kıbıcı, Kenan
    Introduction. Subdural hygromas (SDGs) are the accumulation of fluid in the subdural space. Arachnoid cysts (ACs) on the other hand are common cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) containing lesions of the central nervous system, located within the subarachnoid space. They are generally found incidentally on neuroimaging studies and remain asymptomatic throughout the life. Rupture into the subdural space resulting in subdural hygroma (SDG) is relatively rare. Aim. We aimed to show the importance of the radiological follow up in head trauma patients having large ACs. Description of the case. We report a case of a 69-year-old male patient with a known large Galassi type III AC, presented to our hospital with traumatic brain injuries and re-presented with acute posttraumatic SDG in association with AC rupture. Conclusion. This case emphasizes the importance of radiological follow up in head trauma patients having large ACs to reveal and appropriately manage traumatic subdural collections.
  • Pozycja
    Neuroendocrine tumor of appendix located Spiegel hernia – case report and review of the literature
    (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2021) Karahan, Furkan; Atay, Arif; Ekinci, Neşe; Gür, Emine Özlem; Dilek, Osman Nuri
    Introduction. Appendix, located within the Spiegel hernia is a rare condition. Few cases have been reported to date. Although it is generally asymptomatic, patients can apply with strangulation findings. Along with the physical examination findings, imaging methods play an important role in diagnosis and definitive diagnosis is made intraoperatively. Per-operative surgical method is determined according to the condition of the structures in the hernia sac. If an appendix is detected in the hernia sac, appendectomy is often preferred regardless of symptoms. Postoperative pathology is mostly benign but malign appendix pathologies should be kept in mind. Aim. Here, we aimed to present our case undergoing emergency surgery due to incarcerated hernia as it is the first case of appendix neuroendocrine tumor in the Spiegel hernia sac according to our literature review. Description of the case. A 77-year-old female patient who was admitted to the hospital with complaints of nausea and vomiting was evaluated as an emergency. In the clinical evaluation of the patient, we detected ileus due to hernia. We operated on the patient and found the appendix and cecum in the spiegel hernia. We did appendectomy and hernia repair. Histopathological examination of the appendix revealed a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor. Conclusion. Detection of the appendix in a Spiegel hernia is a rare condition. This is the first case of appendiceal malignancy in a Spiegelian hernia.
  • Pozycja
    Basal ganglia calcifications is not inconsequential in pediatric cases
    (Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2021) Erok, Berrin; Tatar, Sertaç; Uzunhan, Tuğçe Aksu; Bezen, Diğdem; Önder, Hakan
    Introduction. Basal ganglia calcification (BGC) in pediatric population is rare and is considered as a pathological finding. Various causes may be responsible for BGC including hypoparathyroidism, various infectious, toxicities or hereditary disorders. Aim. We aimed to present a 8 year old boy presented with generalized seizure and bilateral small amount of globus pallidum calcifications on neuroimaging studies leading to the diagnosis of idiopathic hypoparathyroidism, which is a treatable cause of seizure. Description of the case. A 8-year-old boy presented to our emergency department with generalized seizure for the first time in his life. There was no history of previous head trauma and his family history was unremarkable. Neurological examination revealed no pathological findings. Radiological imaging studies revealed only bilateral small amount of globus pallidus calcifications. He was referred to the pediatric endocrinology department for further evaluation of the hypocalcemic convulsion, where laboratory investigations revealed idiopathic hypoparathyroidism as the cause of hypocalcemic convulsion with exclusion of the other causes. Conclusion. Even a small amount of BGC in pediatric patients may be the sign of primary hypoparathyroidism and should be evaluated with serum electrolyte levels for early diagnosis and for the prevention of multisystemic complications of hypoparathyroidism.