Studia Anglica Resoviensia T. 17 (2020)
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- PozycjaAre you talking to me? A case of specific reply by means of election campaign advertisements(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Rut-Kluz, DorotaThe article aims at an analytic description of a specific type of exchange occurring during political campaigns. The candidates often engage in a virtual dialogue; that is, an exchange of points made by means of campaign advertisements. The specific type of exchange or reply is, in certain aspects, no different to an ordinary conversation. However, what influences it most is the context of public/mass communication. The main concern of the presentation is to investigate, within the framework of Relevance Theory, ways in which a candidate’s reply to the opponent’s advertisement is actually a message to the viewers and prospective voters rather than to the rival themselves. The analysis is carried out on selected advertisements for Mitt Romney and Barack Obama broadcast during the U.S. presidential election campaign in 2012.
- PozycjaDerivational networks of Onomatopoeia(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Andrej, ĽubomírThis paper presents research on the word-formation properties of onomatopoeia, or words imitating natural sounds. The research is conducted with the model of derivational networks, a relatively new approach to the theory of derivational paradigms, introduced for the first time in the book Derivational Networks Across Languages. The main aim of the analysis is to discover whether onomatopoeia can become a productive word-formation bases, and if so, how productive, and what kind of derivatives can be created. The research also compares English and Slovak onomatopoeia. The paper is divided into three main sections: part 2 introduces the concept of derivational networks and discusses its evolution through the works of Czech and Slovak linguists. Part 3 discusses the notion of onomatopoeia, what it is, and how it is understood and defined for the purpose of this research. Finally, part 4 presents the research itself, including the methodology, results, and discussion.
- PozycjaEnglish Slang: a word-formation perspective(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Gallová, LuciaThis paper examines the word-formation processes which are used in English slang. It does so by presenting the word-formation analysis of a sample of words selected from the online Urban Dictionary (UD). The words under investigation come from three semantic groups from the UD, specifically COLLEGE, DRUGS and FOOD. The focus is also on the comparison of the use of word-formation processes in this sample of slang words and in Standard English. The results propose an overview of the individual word-formation processes occurring in the sample. They also suggest that, to some extent, in this sample, slang uses word-formation processes in the same way as Standard English, however, in certain cases it diverges from the language’s traditional use.
- PozycjaLanguage and culture in bilinguals’ mind: Insights from case studies(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Pawliszko, JudytaThe present article deals with a number of themes that pertain to culture and language relation in bilingual reality, most notably how bilingualism is defined and classified in the literature, and how bicultural bilinguals’ languages and cultures are interconnected. In the subsequent research part, the reported data formed the basis for conclusions supported by two-year observation and interviews of 4 Spanish-English bilinguals. The case studies allowed to gather information regarding their linguistic and cultural behaviour and how they identify themselves both linguistically and culturally. Each case study is discussed and conclusions on parallel points along with dissimilarities between accounts of the linguistic and cultural reality experienced in both languages are outlined.
- PozycjaStatistics for linguists revisited: the review of some basic statistical tools in linguistic research and data analysis(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Kusz, EwaThe major aim of this paper is to emphasise the importance of implementing statistical tools in the field of linguistic research, as well as to acquaint the reader with the basic statistical methods that can be used while conducting linguistic studies. The article introduces the idea of five steps in data analysis that any researcher of applied linguistics can take in order to carry out relevant studies. The steps include choosing statistical programmes, eliciting data, selecting some visual methods and applying normality tests, as well as choosing applicable parametric or nonparametric tests, all of which requires appropriate planning, designing, analysing and interpreting data. The theoretical part is an interlude to the practical realisation of the above-mentioned five steps, which is based on the part of linguistic research conducted on the students of English Philology. The major purpose of it was to prove (or refute) that there is a positive correlation between participants’ level of musical intelligence and their L2 pronunciation skills. The practical use of statistical methods enables the readers to familiarise themselves with one of the patterns of statistical analysis in the field of applied linguistics.
- PozycjaSurviving in between worlds of Laila “Halaby’s West of the Jordan”(Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego, 2020) Al-Shameri, Safia“West of the Jordan” was published in 2003, a period when the Arab American movement was coming to a new era in the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. It was a time when scholars/writers began deconstructing the concept of Arab and Arab American identity to highlight the diversity of the community by taking into account internal differences, especially in areas such as gender, class, and sexuality. I intend to add to this body of work by setting “West of the Jordan” against Gloria Anzaldúa’s theoretical concept of nepantla (Borderlands; In-betweenness), seen here as an identity formation framework. Anzaldúa’s theorization of nepantla has stressed the instability of identity categories through movement betwixt and between identity and transformative ethics of change. Thus, the novel’s formulations and reformulations of ethnic, gender, and other categories should be understood as a way of criticizing these categories ’essentialist nature (even if some of the characters in the novel fail to formulate a constructive liberatory alternative to the essentialisms it attacks/aims to eradicate). In this context, the heroines ’actions succeed in destabilizing the categories ’ideological power and manage to show the shallowness of such delineations.